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  • Kalahandi Soil fertility Map

          General information about the district.5 A. Physiography Physiographically the district may be broadly divided into two different natural divisions, the hilly tracts and the plain country. The former chiefly comprises of the ranges of hills which ran from the north-east to the south-west of the district and the later constitutes the river valleys of Tel and its tributaries, and the Jonk. About eight kilometres south-east of Bhawanipatna, commences the mountain tracts called the Dongarla which cover a vast area of about 3665 sq km. on the eastern side of the district and south-wards to the Koraput border.6 These tracts vessel in a serious of precipitous hill ranges from the plains. The path by which the ascent on Karlapat side is made quite impracticable even for µsagads¶ (solid wheeled carts) and many parts are inaccessible except by foot. The hillsides are covered with dense Sal (shorea robusta) forest, and it is not until the open valleys at the higher elevation are reached that cultivation is met with. These valleys are mostly fertile and are splendidly watered being intersected by perennial streams. Here and there patches of regular rice cultivation are met with and crops of wheat; but for the most part, the country is given over to µDahi Cultivation or Jhuming¶. The hill tracts form a conspicuous land mark in the scenery and the wild precipitous ranges which mark their border, stand up from the plains like a vast wall and are visible for many miles. The principal plateau lands are the Karlapat, Thuamul Rampur ranges and the Baphilimali hill, a fine plateau on the district border near Madhupatna; these in parts each an elevation above sea level of 1220 metres and over. In these hills of the Dangarla area the splendid stream of the Indravati takes its rise near Thuamal. It makes its way through the hill range which forms the southern boundary of Kalahandi. Not far from the place where the Indravati flows south through this barrier the Hati river rises on the northern slopes and flows due north in exactly the opposite direction. Kalahandi is spreading over an area of 7920 sq kms, which is about 7.56% of the total area of the State. Out of the 30 districts of Orissa, it occupies 7th position in area. It is situated between 190 8' N to 200 25' N latitude and 820 32' east and 830 47' east longitude.4 It is located in the south-western part of Orissa. The district is bounded by Bolangir on the north, Phulbani on the east, Rayagada on the south-east, Koraput on the south, Nabarangpur and Raipur on the west and Nuapada district on the northwest. There are 2 Sub-Divisions, 7 Tahasils, 13 Blocks, 1 Municipality, 2 NACs, 12 Police Stations, 273 Grampanchayats, 2068 villages and 137 uninhabited villages in Kalahandi district.