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Mushroom production – A profitable enterprise

Ahalya Sahu »

In the present era, farm women play a vital role in Indian agriculture. They are no more subordinate to their male counterpart but they rather complement them in their agricultural activities. The attention is always been focused on development of women in agriculture because there is much more opportunities for women to make themselves independent by engaging themselves in various agriculture related activities. Mushroom production is one of the activity in which rural women can get themselves involved and could add some capital to support their livelihood.

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IPM -A Boost to Cotton production

Brajabandhu Majhi »

Cotton is a predominant cash crop grown in seven north-eastern blocks of Kalahandi district of Orissa. Cotton cultivable area of the district is 26 thousand,  ha with average productivity of 10 qtl /ha. Due to favourable climatic condition and suitable soil type (black cotton soil) cotton is widely grown by the farmers of this region. Brajabandhu Majhi resides in village Kubudi of Bhawanipatna block of Kalahandi district. He is 32 years old and the only earning member of his family has 7 acres of land out of which he cultivates cotton in 5 acres.

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Innovative story-Durga Pradhan »

Cotton is a predominant crop grown in Kalahandi district of Orissa. Due to favourable climatic condition and suitable soil texture cotton is widely grown by the farmers of this district. It is one of the major sources of income of the people of this district as it is a cash crop. More or less all the blocks of this district are covered by cotton crop. Cotton cultivation is a tedious job as it requires more no. of intercultural operation and to do this operation requires more no. of labourers. In cotton cultivation it is mandatory to do the intercultural operation in time; otherwise the crop fails to a great extent. It is very difficult on the part of the farmers to avail the required no.of labourers at the appropriate time of operation due to male migration and at the same time it is much more difficult to pay a heavy price to the labourers at each time.

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INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM- Kanakpur and boria »

Kanakpur Village of Bhawanipatna block of Kalahandi district is just 8 km away from Bhawanipatna town. Agriculture is the primary source of income for the farming community of Kanakpur village. The existing farming system in the village was agriculture + dairying, where primary source of income was agriculture enterprise particularly from commodities like paddy.After KVK’s intervention the farming systems was transformed to agriculture + horticulture + animal husbandry. The horticulture crop became a primary source of income i.e banana,ridgegourd, bittergourd, cucumber, cowpea, brinjal, tomato, etc grown on in commercial basis which adds significant contribution to their income. Above all the members have shown a positive attitude towards change in the existing farming systems.

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CROP DIVERSIFICATION -indubhusan swain »

Kalahandi is a tribal dominated district of Odisha and majority of the population depend on agriculture as their primary source of livelihood. Village Boria is situated at 30 km away from Bhawanipatna. Paddy is the only crop was grown during Kharif. During a diagnostic visit the scientist encouraged the farmers to go for low value to high value crops and from high water requiring crops to low water requiring crops. Along with Paddy in Kharif some pulses, oilseed, short duration fruits and vegetables can also be grown which has higher profitability and production potentiality that can play a big role in changing their livelihood besides providing nutritional security. During 2012-13, Pigeon pea Var. ICPL 87-119 was demonstrated in the farmers field of that village. Sj. Indu Bhusan Swain, one of the farmers of the village was earning his livelihood from 16 acres of land.

 

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Marigold Cultivation - Kumudini Mohapatra »

Rural women have very hectic life. Her work starts from dawn and ends at dusk. The daily routine work begins from house cleaning, fetching drinking water, dish washing, laundry, preparing food for family, care of children, tailoring and sewing clothes. Farm women apart from their household chores usually engage their leisure time in any profit oriented activities. Among these activities floriculture is one of the emerging and highly demanded enterprises. Mrs Kumudini Mohapatra w/o Janmenjaya Mohapatra from village Durduri, always wanted to support her family by doing some earning activity. Through a training programme on ‘Backyard Marigold cultivation’ she came to know about the ‘Ceracole’ variety of marigold flower which has bigger flower size and good keeping quality. The scientists of KVK, Kalahandi suggested them package of practices.


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KVK, KALAHANDI-success story -women farmer »

Rural women have very hectic life. Her work starts from dawn and ends at dusk. The daily routine work begins from house cleaning, fetching drinking water, dish washing, laundry, preparing food for family, care of children, tailoring and sewing clothes. Farm women apart from their household chores usually engage their leisure time in any profit oriented activities. Among these activities floriculture is one of the emerging and highly demanded enterprises. Mrs Kumudini Mohapatra w/o Janmenjaya mahapatra always wanted to support her family by doing some earning activity. Through a training programme on ‘Backyard Marigold cultivation’ she came to know about the ‘Ceracole’ variety of marigold flower which has bigger flower size and good keeping quality. The scientists of KVK, kalahandi suggested them the recommended package of practices such as planting distance, planting time, application of manure and fertilizer, intercultural operation, plant protection measure and harvesting period of flower etc. She tried it on an experimental purpose in 10 decimal of land and planted 3000 no of seedling. She could able to harvest around 9 qtl of flowers. With the expenditure of Rs. 12,000/- she could get a gross return of Rs.27, 000/- and the B: C ratio comes around 2.2:1.

 

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Marigold Cultivation - Murali budhia »

Village Kanakpur of Bhawanipatna block of Kalahandi district is just 8 km away from Bhawanipatna town. Agriculture is a primary source of income for the farming community of Kanakpur village. The farmer having 1.6 ha of cultivated land where primary source of income was agriculture and horticulture particularly from commodities like paddy and vegetable. Vegetable is massively cultivated in this village and farmers are very enthusiastic to cultivate seasonal vegetables due to high marketing potential. During an interactive session scientist came to know that due to conventional method of practice and use of degenerated and locally available seeds farmer could not obtain the expected yield. Keeping all this point into consideration a varietal evaluation on Tomato “Var- Swarna Sampad” which has been procured from ICAR Research complex for eastern region,Jharkhand having Maximum potential yield of 1000q/ha was conducted at farmer’s field.Seeing the potential yield of the crop this variety has been very much appreciated by the farmers of the region attain the high yielding varieties of vegetables and to follow scientific package of practices which results higher yield.



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Integrated farming system -Prahalad Budhia »

Village Kanakpur of Bhawanipatna block of Kalahandi district is just 8 km away from Bhawanipatna town. Agriculture is a primary source of income for the farming community of Kanakpur village. The existing farming system in the village was agriculture + dairying, where primary source of income was agriculture enterprise particularly from commodities like paddy.After KVK’s intervention the farming systems was transformed to agriculture + horticulture + animal husbandry. Where horticulture crop became a primary source of income i.e banana,ridgegourd, bittergourd, cucumber, cowpea, brinjal, tomato,etc grown on in commercial basis which adds significant contribution to their income. Above all the members have shown a positive attitude towards change in the existing farming systems. Looking at the potential of papaya cultivation in the village and his interest, KVK  Scientist advised him to go for developing a small papaya orchard orchard in his 0.4  ha of upland with a spacing of 1.5.m x 1.5 m.Banana cultivation (PoP of Tissue culture) with utillization of the interspaces with off season vegetables like tomato, ridge gourd, cowpea, bitter gourd, cucumber etc.Pisciculture, Milk and paneer preparation, Hybrid Paddy cultivation, Dairy with cross breed cows


 

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Mushroom production -Ahalya and Braja »

In the present era, farm women play a vital role in Indian agriculture. They are no more subordinate to their male counterpart but they rather complement them in their agricultural activities. The attention is always been focused on development of women in agriculture because there is much more opportunities for women to make themselves independent by engaging themselves in various agriculture related activities. Now days much emphasis is given on enterpreunerial development and mushroom production is one of the rising enterprises due to its heavy market demand and high nutritional value. Ahalya Sahu a middle aged widow from‘Malgaon’ village of Bhawanipatna block is truly been an example for her locality. Though she is a landless farm women but she had a strong longing to support her family by doing some income generated activities. During a field visit to her village, the scientists of KVK, Kalahandi came to know about the interest of the farm women to engage themselves in some income generated activities. The scientists advised the farm women to go for mushroom production, as the village is close to town so there will be hardly any difficulty in getting the spawn and marketing of the produce.

 


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